Prior to releasing a genetically modified plant (GMP) into the environment and placing it on the market in the European Union, an environmental risk assessment has to be performed according to Directive 2001/18/EC. Based on the results of a previous project conducted from 2012 to 2016 (for more information, see the project description and the publication of Jänsch et al. 2018) this project has two aims: (1) The previously developed method uses the black fungus gnat Bradysia impatiens (Diptera). However, at Central European crop sites, the species Lycoriella castanescens is more widely distributed. Therefore, the method is adapted as far as possible to include this ecologically more relevant species. (2) The modified test method is used to study the effects of genetically modified maize material on B. impatiens and L. castanescens to verify and confirm results obtained in the previous project. In addition, an arthropod species (probably a Collembolan) will be identified as possible alternative test species to investigate the effects of genetically modified maize material on soil organisms. The final aim of the project is to prepare a draft test guideline for these invertebrate tests, probably according to OECD requirements.
Last update: February 2022